Breast Cysts a Misunderstood Conditions - Breast cancer: Lumps, Causes And Treatment

Breast Cysts a Misunderstood Conditions

Breast Cysts: A Misunderstood Condition



What are are breast cysts? It is a sac on the breast that is filled with fluid. A sac is a hollow space within every living organism and it is covered with a thin layer of elastic tissue. 

This fluid filled sac is the lump that some women feel when they have breast cysts. A cyst or cysts in breast can easily be felt most of the time. 

It feels like a firm, round bump or bulge under your fingers. If the sac becomes big enough it may cause the skin on the breast to bulge out.


What are the breast cysts causes?


Women between thirty to fifty years are most susceptible to cysts in breast. This is usually during the premenopausal stage. The good news is breast cysts are rarely cancerous.

When women are at their menopausal stage these lumps also tend to go away. Moreover, having breast cysts do not mean you are more likely to have breast cancer either. In women these lumps can be felt when doing self breast examination and these are often easily felt just before the onset of a menstrual period.


The cause of cysts in the breast is not known as of the moment. However medical research has established that breast cysts occur in time with a woman’s menstrual cycle.

Due to hormonal changes a woman’s breast also tends to produce and at the same time absorb more fluid as her menstruation nears.

 The overabundance of estrogen in a woman’s body at this time could result to overproduction of fluid and since the body cannot absorb it all these fluid may collect in the small sacs especially in the breast.



A cyst may be among the common breast problems that women face since some women experience a level of pain which would require treatment. 

However it is not the kind of condition that a woman should worry too much about. Most of the time breast cysts do not need any treatment as the cyst goes away by itself under normal conditions. 

It is only when complications arise along with a feeling of tenderness on the breast that medical attention will be needed.


Removing the breast cysts


Cyst is usually non-cancerous. It is does not pose any danger to health. However when the breast cysts become too large and the patient feels pain it would be best to consult the doctor for a possible breast cyst removal procedure. 

This technique is called Fine Needle Aspiration where a needle is inserted into the cyst to draw the fluid out. This procedure takes only a few seconds and is no more painful than when you have your blood drawn for testing.


Close monitoring



The lumpy and painful condition of the breast is called FBD or Fibrocystic Breast Disease though several doctors would prefer calling it fibrocystic changes and fibrocystic breast condition because this condition is a common occurrence in women and not an actual disease. Women who are found to have FBD will be closely monitored by her doctor. A series of test will be conducted but not all women will be advised for a biopsy as FBD vary for every woman. The reason why the doctor would want to closely monitor a patient with FBD is that the doctor would want to observe any changes in the patient and the breast cysts and see if these changes will warrant a biopsy.


Sebaceous cyst on the breast


When the sebaceous gland gets blocked the result is the formation of sebaceous cyst. This type of cyst can form in any part of the body including the breasts. Sebaceous cysts on the breast can be felt as a small bump or lump just near the surface of the skin. The doctor may have the patient undergo a mammogram followed up with and ultrasound as these are the two best ways to distinguish simple breast cysts from a cancerous growth. A cyst is filled with fluid while a cancerous growth is solid.


Sebaceous cyst may not have to be removed unless for cosmetic purposes the patient wishes it. If it becomes an infected breast cyst the doctor may have the cyst removed too. An infected sebaceous cyst looks red, swollen, and is painful. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics for medication to bring the swelling down before surgically removing it. The doctor may have to remove the cyst wall to prevent recurrence. Sebaceous cyst on the breast is not cancerous and does not increase the risk of having breast cancer.


Complex breast cysts


Cysts could be classified as either simple or complex. Simple cysts are basically ordinary, smooth lumps filled with fluid. Complex cysts on the other hand though not necessarily extraordinary may show in any of the breast imaging procedures as having irregular shapes because the cyst’s walls have thickened. Cysts usually have debris floating around. These pieces of debris are old, dead cells floating in the fluid-filled sac. A complex breast cyst with debris is not something that you should be alarmed about. In general cysts will not increase or make you predisposed to breast cancer.


Managing recurrent breast cysts


In most cases breast cysts do not need treatment. Reducing coffee and chocolate intake as well as reducing at least 25 percent of fat in the diet and taking in Vitamin E as supplement could be very helpful in reducing the occurrence of Fibrocystic Breast Disease. When it has been determined that a woman has breast cysts and a little over a month after treatment the doctor will have the patient come back for re-examination. This is to see if there is a recurrence of the breast cysts. Recurring cysts may require a biopsy if the doctor sees it fit. Furthermore the patient will have to learn self examination and report any changes to her doctor.


Cysts are not life threatening and is preventable



Cysts form just about anywhere in the body. However it is but natural for women to worry when she feels lumps on her breast. It is important to know that breast cysts are not life threatening although it is still very beneficial to seek professional attention as soon as you feel lumps on your breast since only the doctor through a series of tests will be able to determine a cyst from a cancer cell. Additionally the doctor will be able to give the best advice with what to do to manage breast cysts.


Breast cysts may or may not have to be taken out. This all depends on the patient and her doctor. Aspiration will be required as basic treatment for breast cysts. Under normal conditions the patient will have to go back to her doctor’s clinic for re-examination four to six weeks after undergoing treatment. The recurrence of breast cysts is also common. The doctor may have to conduct further tests including biopsy if required. Having breast cyst does not mean the woman already has cancer. This condition though at times painful for some women does not also mean her risk of breast cancer has increased. At all times prevention is better than cure and the development of cysts can be prevented. All a woman needs to do is to eat healthy nutritionally balanced food, exercise daily, and avoid bad habits and a stressful lifestyle.


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