Breast Cancer Conventional Treatments - Breast cancer: Lumps, Causes And Treatment

Breast Cancer Conventional Treatments

Breast Cancer Conventional Treatments 

Breast Cancer is supposed to be a treatable disease if it is detected and diagnosed earlier. Conventional Treatments include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. The type of the treatment is selected as per the stage and type of the cancer. The state of the health of the patient is also of importance in selecting the type of the treatment.
The surgery is one of the conventional type of treatment for the Breast Cancer Patients in which the cancer is removed from the breast through an operation. The lymph node is removed from underarm is seen under microscope whether it contains cancer or not. The Breast Conserving Surgery is a type of surgery in which only the cancer is removed and not the breast itself. The Lumpectomy Surgery is used to remove the lump or tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it. The Partial Mastectomy is a surgical procedure to remove some part of breast with some amount of normal tissue around it. Other surgical procedures include Total Mastectomy, in which the whole breast is removed that has cancer. Even after surgery, the patients are often given chemotherapy, radiations and hormone therapy in order to kill the cancer cells.

In radiation method the high energy x-rays are used to kill the cancerous cells or to stop them from growing and spreading any further. Radiation Therapy is of two types, the External Radiation Therapy and the Internal Radiation Therapy. In the External Radiation Therapy, the machine is used outside the body to send the radiations towards the cancer while the Internal Radiation Therapy uses radioactive substances that are sealed in a needle that are placed directly into or near the cancer. The type of the radiation is selected and used as per the stage of the cancer.
The chemotherapy is done by drugs or medicines to stop the growth of the cancer or to stop it from spreading. There are two ways of taking drug either by mouth or injected into a vein. The type of the chemotherapy used depends solely on the type and stage of the cancer.

The hormone therapy is given to the patients with early stages of breast cancer.
The Tamoxifen is the Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator, which is prescribed to the women who have Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer, before and after menopause. It is also used in women who have high risk of breast cancer but have no personal history of the disease, women who have ductal carcinoma in situ. The use of Tamoxifen is not considered effective as compared to Aromatase Inhibitors for postmenopausal women. It is taken for five years but can be taken for a longer period of time by the women who have Advanced Metastatic Disease. If Tamoxifen, chemotherap and radiation are used in combination, it gives better result and increases the rate of survival too.